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Foot Conditions

| Common Foot Conditions

Michael in the exam room

There are many foot problems that affect young and old alike. Here is a list and description of some issues that orthotics can help relieve.

Foot Health and Its Affect On the Body

Have you ever watched a child stack a pile of blocks? When one got out of whack, it affected every block above it, and soon they all came crashing down. Your body’s the same way. So when even one foot has trouble it can throw off your leg, back, shoulder, neck, you name it. That’s why making sure your feet are a solid foundation for your body is important to your health. Take a look at some of the problems that can arise from improper foot care. Whether you need to take preventive or corrective action, the time to care for your feet is right now.

Common Foot Conditions

We Can Help With

Plantar Fascitis (Heel Spur Syndrome)

This occurs when the plantar fascia becomes inflamed and causes pain on the bottom of your foot. The plantar fascia is the connective tissue that runs from the base of your toes, across the arch of your foot, and into your heel.

Hallux Valgus (Bunions)

Bunions are bone deformities that develop on the side of the big toe. There are numerous ways to treat bunions, and orthotics will probably work in concert with the best options you and your doctor choose.


When your tendons, the bands that connect your bones to your muscles, become inflamed, you have tendonitis. Basically, you’ll feel localized pain near a joint. There are plenty of places you could experience this condition all over your feet. Achilles tendonitis is a common example. It’s often a result of sudden changes in exercise habits, or footwear changes such as heel heights. Orthotics are ideal in treating or preventing this condition.

Morton’s Neuroma

This condition occurs when tissue thickens around the nerves that serve the toes, most commonly affecting the third and fourth toes. It can be closely related to footwear, such as high heel shoes or narrow shoes that squeeze your toes together. Typically, you’ll feel a pain in the ball of your foot that may radiate into your toes.

Shin Splints

Shin Splints affect your tibia, the bone in your front, lower leg. The pain comes from too much stress on the bone and connecting muscles, and it’s most common in runners. Orthotics can help relieve stress on your tibia and minimize this problem.

Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

Your tibial nerve is encased in a tunnel called the Tarsal Tunnel. If any of the occupants of this tunnel become inflamed, it can get a little too crowded. People with flat feet are particularly prone to this condition. If you have Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome, you’ll experience pain and burning in your feet. Orthotics can help offer relief.

Calluses and Corns

These are thick, hard layers of skin that develop around pressure points on your feet. Many times they can be an indication of a bone spur or other problem. Orthotics can help distribute the pressure on your feet, which will reduce the friction that leads to both corns and calluses.


Your foot has two small, pea-sized bones embedded underneath your big toe called sesamoids. If you run, dance, or do anything that requires a lot of pivoting, you’re at risk for sesamoiditis. Basically, your big toe will ache, especially if you move it up and down. Orthotics can redistribute the pressure on your toe and relieve your sesamoid pain.


This condition gets its name for a good reason. It occurs when the second, third or fourth toe becomes bent, resembling a hammer. Surgery is sometimes needed, but in most cases, the problem is treated with appropriate footwear.


If you have pain around the ball of your foot, this could be metatarsalgia. It occurs due to inflammation of the metatarsal joints, and can usually be relieved with orthotic footwear.

Turf Toe

Turf toe occurs when the big toe is hyperextended and tissues surrounding the toe are ruptured or torn. It’s a common injury among people who participate in sports. If you have turf toe, you’ll probably feel some pain that can usually be treated with ice and similar remedies. Orthotics can treat current conditions and prevent them from repeating.

Calcaneal Apophysitis (Sever’s Disease)

This condition affects kids during adolescent growth spurts. It has many of the same symptoms as Achilles tendonitis. Treatments include rest, stretching and orthotics.

Freiberg's Infraction

This occurs when there’s a blood supply problem or fracture affecting the second metatarsal. It typically results in pain in the ball of your foot. Most often Freiberg’s affects women.


Arthritis can be a very painful condition for a lot of people. It happens when your cartilage becomes inflamed, and with 33 joints in each foot, there’s plenty of cartilage in your feet that is susceptible.

Stress Fractures

A stress fracture occurs when you develop a crack in one of the bones that extends from your toes to the middle of your foot. Typically you’ll notice pain and swelling associated with a stress fracture.


Ulcers are skin wounds that do not heal very quickly and are subject to infection. They can particularly be a problem for diabetics. Click here to learn more about diabetes and your feet.

Toe/Partial Foot Amputations

When you have a toe or part of your foot amputated, you need support in your shoes to help balance. In this case, your custom orthotic with include a carbon shank. This will help compensate for any part of your foot that has been amputated. It will also protect and accommodate the remaining portion of your foot.

Diabetic Feet

If you have diabetes, it’s critically important that you take care of your feet. Many of the problems that commonly affect diabetic feet can lead to serious medical issues, or even death. But these problems can be managed and avoided. Click here to learn more caring for diabetic feet.

Diabetes and

Your Feet

If you have diabetes then you know you have to be diligent about your daily healthcare. That includes regular foot inspections. Why? Because you may have insufficient blood circulation in your feet, and that makes it easy for sores to open up and become infected without your even realizing it. This can lead to amputations or even death. At Pedorthic Care, a special part of our practice and inventory is specifically catered to protecting patients with diabetes. But remember, don’t count on your shoes to do all the work. Take a look at your feet at least once a day. Here’s a list of dos and don’ts to help you keep your feet as healthy as possible.

The Dos

  • Inspect your feet daily for blisters, bleeding and lesions between the toes. Use a mirror to examine the bottom of your feet as well.
  • Wear high and wide toe box shoes.
  • Wear footwear that fits well and protects your feet.
  • Wear conforming removable insoles in your footwear.
  • Wear diabetic non-binding socks and stockings to keep moisture away.
  • Use only creams that are made for diabetic feet.
  • Use bed cradles to reduce the weight of heavy bedding on your diabetic foot.
  • Wash your feet daily with warm, soapy water and dry them thoroughly, especially between the toes.
  • Let your doctor trim your toenails.

The Don'ts

  • Don’t excessively soak your diabetic feet.
  • Don’t use hot water bottles or heating pads on your feet.
  • Don’t use acids or chemical corn removers on diabetic feet.
  • Don’t perform "bathroom surgery" on corns, calluses or ingrown toenails.
  • Don’t smoke.

If you notice a problem with your feet, contact your doctor immediately.


"Everyone is nice and my orthotics ROCK!!"
- Selena (age 13) - Columbiana, AL

"As a long-time nurse, I have issues with my feet and legs. Without the custom orthotics I would not be able to work. The entire staff at Pedorthic Care is kind and professional. The quality of my orthotics is second-to-none, and I ought to know. I have had orthotics from other places but the ones from Pedorthic Care are the most comfortable and last the longest. They earn my highest recommendation!"
- Connie M. - Trussville, AL

"The orthotics they made for me has really helped me with soccer. My arch and legs do not hurt now and I have no pain even when I am very active. This season, I am playing for two different leagues and yes I recommend orthotics from Pedorthic Care!"
- Tahnee (age 14), - Cullman, AL

"After having foot problems for over 10 years, multiple surgeries, multiple orthotic providers and being wheelchair bound, I have finally found the right provider that knows what they are doing. I went through six different suppliers/providers of orthotics before picking Pedorthic Care. Michael Duvdevani and staff actually solved my foot problems in several visits compared to 10 years and many thousands of dollars. Let me be the one to tell you if you are having foot/feet issues, the sooner you go to Pedorthic Care in Hoover Alabama the sooner you will be your old self again. Get your feet right the first time at Pedorthic Care."
- James - Pelham, AL

"The work is very efficient, staff is friendly, and they always take their time with me. I highly recommend this group to everyone I know!"
- Emily - Talladega, AL

"I had four stress fractures in my right foot caused by orthotics from a different company and I was finally referred to Pedorthic Care after my feet healed up a little and they are the reason I am back walking! They are GREAT and I recommend Pedorthic Care to everyone that needs orthotics!"
- Judy - Tuscaloosa, AL

"The staff is very nice and they are very efficient. Well worth the drive! This place has helped me tremendously and I would not be able to get the same service locally. I recommend Pedorthic Care to everyone and I refuse to go to any other place for my orthotics. The orthotics even helped with my back problems!"
- Judy - Lynn Haven, FL

"I began experiencing moderate to severe pain in my right heel in the summer/fall of 2011 which I learned was associated with the common condition of “plantar fasciitis.” The pain was intense enough to disrupt my aerobic exercise routine which included jogging and treadmill use. In fact, the pain escalated to the point that I dreaded taking steps after having been seated for time. On the recommendation of a physician friend, I contacted Pedorthic Care. The staff was informative, friendly, and helpful to include the process of filing insurance claims. Most importantly, they guided me through the process of obtaining inserts for dress shoes and athletic shoes. Over a period of a couple of weeks, I began to feel a definite reduction in pain. After approximately four weeks, I was able to resume my normal aerobic exercise routine, and have remained pain free. I strongly recommend and endorse the customer service and results offered by Pedorthic Care."
- Roger - Vestavia Hills, AL

"When faced with 12 weeks in a large bulky, uncomfortable, and hot boot to protect my lower leg injury my surgeon recommended Pedorthic Care. They offered a lightweight and very comfortable alternative that also gave me better use of my muscles which eliminated atrophy. It also allowed me to drive my car safely and even compete in the Pikes Peak International Hill Climb driving a Stock Car. I highly recommend Pedorthic Care and am thankful for their help in my situation!"
- Layne - Leeds, AL